The EnergyREV Consortium’s purpose is to drive the transition to Smart Local Energy Systems (SLES) in the UK,...
Reaching Zero Emissions
A pathway towards zero emissions aligned with the goal of the Paris Agreement is more than decarbonisation of energy. Reaching zero emissions is the ability to go beyond low-carbon and actively remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. Decarbonisation using Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) and other ‘negative emission’ technologies.
Reaching zero emissions builds on our previous interdisciplinary work of assessing the need for rapid decarbonisation within the energy and transport sector and on bioenergy production through the former Manchester-led Supergen Bioenergy Hub, all intertwined with land use and food security. We explore near- and long-term energy and emissions futures for industry, transport and negative emission technologies.
We take into account the roles of technology and industry, economic and non-economic policies, incentives, behaviours and societal changes. We assess how mitigation actions towards zero emissions interact with food security, energy security, energy access and development, material use and prosperity objectives.
Our approach in this theme builds on our established suite of diverse methods that span engineering, physical and social sciences. We involve stakeholders from policy, industry and civil society. We use scenario development tools to explore and understand complexities and broader issues.
We evaluate the financial, environmental and social implications of zero-emission futures using quantitative and qualitative methods. Our outputs include the identification of barriers and opportunities for these sectors, novel business models and recommendations for policymakers to enable rapid emission reductions.
Our key questions focus on the four sub-themes: circular economy, industry, transport and negative emission technologies, in addition to cross-cutting questions related to the Sustainable Development Goals. Collectively, our research, insights, practice, advocacy and arguments across these sub-themes will contribute to reaching zero emissions within a global society. Reaching zero emissions aims to reach a range of stakeholders, including international and national policy-makers, the private sector, academia, public and civil society, in both industrialising and industrialised nations.
A partnership between UEA and eight research and business support organisations in France and the UK, led by...
CCS and depletion sites The UK is committed to meeting stringent carbon dioxide (CO2) emission targets over the...
Overview The 2015 Paris Agreement aims ‘to limit the temperature increase [due to climate change] to 1.5°C above...
Our short programme of interdisciplinary policy-relevant research is our contribution to the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C that...
FAB-GGR is a new four-year, £2 million multi-institute consortium project that aims to better define the real world...
The UK seafood industry is under unprecedented pressure to deliver on national food security during the COVID-19 pandemic,...
The UKCCSRC is supported by the EPSRC with a mission to ensure that carbon capture and storage...
One Bin to Rule Them All (GOTW – Grants on the Web (nerc.ac.uk))
RiseUp: Resilience of the UK seafood system to COVID-19 disruption (RiseUp — Scottish Association for Marine Science, Oban UK (sams.ac.uk))
Feasibility of Afforestation and Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage for Greenhouse Gas Removal FAB-GGR
UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre UKCCS
The Energy Revolution Consortium (EnergyREV https://www.energyrev.org.uk/)
Use life cycle assessment (LCA) tools to determine the environmental benefits and feasibility of producing ammonia fertiliser from biomass gasification, compared to using natural gas.
The overall project aim is to understand what are the most appropriate tools and methods to support/ inform the UK transition to a low carbon
High Seas Project: Assessing the technical and operational scope for rapid carbon emission reduction from global shipping
Building on the IPCC’s 2007 report, the 2009 Copenhagen scientific conference on climate change made clear both the urgency and radical scale of reductions in
Funded through a joint initiative with EPSRC and NERC this project aims to provide evidence and tools which will enable society to explore and evaluate
This project looks at the potential of introducing electric vehicles (EVs) in urban areas in fleets – as opposed to individual ownership. Different approaches and
This project is led by Tyndall Manchester, working with the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds. Aims The project has three main
EU Calculator: Trade-offs and pathways towards sustainable and low-carbon European Societies (EUCalc)
The EUCalc project has the goal of delineating emission and sustainable transformation pathways on the European and member state scale. The project will develop a novel and
Our Aviation and Shipping Research
Our Radical Carbon Reduction Conference
And informing discussion Six key policy challenges to achieving ‘negative emissions’ with BECCS
Heidrich, O., et al. (2021). Will climate mitigation ambitions lead to carbon neutrality? An analysis of the local-level plans of 327 cities in the EU. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.
Heidrich, O., et al. (2021). Climate mitigation in the Mediterranean Europe: An assessment of regional and city-level plans. Journal of Environmental Management.
Braunholtz-Speight, T., McLachlan, C., Mander, S., Hannon, M., Hardy, J., Cairns, I., Sharmina, M., Manderson, E. (2021). The long term future for community energy in Great Britain: A co-created vision of a thriving sector and steps towards realising it. Energy Research and Social Science.
Fletcher, C.A., St Clair, R., Sharmina, M. (2021). Seafood businesses’ resilience can benefit from circular economy principles. Nature Food.
González, F., Webb, J., Sharmina, M., Hannon, M., Pappas, D., Tingey, M. (2021) Characterising a local energy business sector in the United Kingdom: Participants, revenue sources, and estimates of localism and smartness. Energy.
Sharmina, M., Edelenbosch, O. Y., Wilson, C., Freeman, R., Gernaat, D. E. H. J., Gilbert, P., Larkin, A., Littleton, E. W., Traut, M., Van Vuuren, D. P., Vaughan, N., Wood, F. R., Le Quéré. (2021). Decarbonising the critical sectors of aviation, shipping, road freight and industry to limit warming to 1.5–2°C. Climate Policy.
Waller, L., Rayner, T., Chilvers, J., Gough, C., Lorenzoni, I., Jordan, A., Vaughan, N. (2020). Contested framings of greenhouse gas removal and it’s feasibility: Social and political dimensions. Wiley Online Library.
Heidrich, O., et al. (2020). Circular economy strategies for electric vehicle batteries reduce reliance on raw materials. Nature Sustainability.
Heidrich, O., et al. (2020). Advances and challenges in assessing urban sustainability: an advanced bibliometric review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.
Forster, J., Vaughan, N., Gough, C., Lorenzoni, I., Chilvers, J. Mapping feasibilities of greenhouse gas removal: Key issues, gaps and opening up assessments. Global Environmental Change, Vol 63.
Braunholtz-Speight, T., Sharmina, M., Manderson, E., McLachlan, C., Hannon, M., Hardy, J., & Mander, S. (2020). Business Models and Financial Characteristics of Community Energy in the UK. Nature Energy, 5, 169-177.
Gallego Schmid, A., Chen, H-M., Sharmina, M., & Fernandez Mendoza, J. M. (2020). Links between circular economy and climate change mitigation in the built environment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 260, 121115.
Sharmina, M., Abi Ghanem, D., Browne, A., Hall, S., Mylan, J., Petrova, S., & Wood, F. (2019). Envisioning surprises: How social sciences could help models represent ‘deep uncertainty’ in future energy and water demand. Energy Research & Social Science, 50, 18-28.
Forster, J., Vaughan, N., Gough, C., Lorenzoni, I. & Chilvers, J. Mapping feasibilities of Greenhouse Gas Removal: Key issues, gaps and opening up assessments. Global Environmental Change, 25 Mar 2020 in press.
Vaughan, N.E., Gough, C., Mander, S., Littleton, E.W., Welfle, A., Gernaat, D.E.H.J. & van Vuuren, D.P. (2018) Evaluating the use of biomass energy with carbon capture and storage in low emission scenarios. Environmental Research Letters 13:044014 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aaaa02
Gough, C., Garcia-Freites, S., Jones, C., Mander, S., Moore, B., Pereira, C., Röder, M., Vaughan, N.E. & Welfle, A. (2018) Challenges to the use of BECCS as a keystone technology in pursuit of 1.5°C. Global Sustainability 1:e5 doi:10.1017/sus.2018.3