Reports

Evaluating the options for carbon sequestration

The term carbon sequestration refers to any means of locking up CO2 over very long periods in order to mitigate against the effects of anthropogenic climate change.

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the effect special issue. Key8 for G8 : the 2005 document

Read the digital copy of The Effect special 2005 issue

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the effect Issue 5: 2008

Read the digital copy of The Effect issue 5

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the effect issue 1

Read the digital copy of The Effect issue 1

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the effect Issue 3: 2004

Read the digital copy of The Effect issue 3

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Global electricity technology substitution model with induced technological change

We propose in this work a novel approach to electricity technology substitution modeling as a development of the electricity submodel of E3MG.

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South Africa's Renewable Energy Procurement: A New Frontier

In the last three years, carbon-intensive, coal-dependent South Africa has become one of the leading destinations for renewable energy investment.

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A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme

Results indicate that unless the scheme adopts both an early baseline year and an overall cap designed to be in keeping with a 450ppmv cumulative emission pathway, the impact on aviation emissions will be minimal.

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How EU membership has influenced UK climate policies

This review provided a detailed analysis of the academic evidence on how EU membership has influenced UK climate policies, systems of decision making and environmental quality, and how the situation might change in the event of a vote to ‘leave’ the EU.

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Business and Climate Change: Measuring and Enhancing Adaptive Capacity

Much adaptation to these changes will be carried out by organisations, including businesses, households and government agencies.

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A nexus perspective on competing land demands: Wider lessons from a UK policy case study

It considers how current land uses and related policies affect the UK’s resilience to climate change, setting out an agenda for research and practice relevant to stakeholders in land-use management, policy and modelling.

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Establishing research directions in sustainable building design

The purpose of this report is two-fold: first, to review in generic terms the views, publications and research related to building design and climate change, and second, to raise a number of questions and potential research avenues.

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Modelling technological change

This project formed one of the initial exploratory projects looking at particular modelling issues for a next generation Integrated Assessment Model (IAM).

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Towards a vulnerability assessment for the UK coastline

Coastal communities are more vulnerable to climate change than inland communities because they are also affected by changes in oceanic parameters, especially increases in sea level and wave heights.

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Agricultural adaptation, local knowledge and livelihoods diversification in North-Central Namibia

The report is relevant to researchers, policymakers and practitioners interested in agricultural development, climate change and adaptation.

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Sustainability Meta Labelling: A Discussion of Potential Implementation Issues

This paper starts a discussion on a potential implementation of such a unifying sustainability meta label along the main constituent stages: product groups included, criteria setting, assessment and communication.

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Rainfall and water resources variability in sub-Saharan Africa during the 20th century

We identify a clear need to integrate better understanding of biophysical drivers of variability (e.g. ENSO, Sahelian desiccation) with actions to strengthen the capacity of African water managers to deal with climatic variability and extremes.

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The potential for thermal storage to reduce the overall carbon emissions from district heating systems

A report by researchers at Tyndall Manchester demonstrates that significant carbon emissions savings can be achieved through the addition of thermal storage to combined heat and power with district heating systems (CHP-DH). 

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Institutional Investment in the EU ETS

This general review paper explores the role of institutional investment in EU ETS.

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Building Performance evaluation and certification in the UK: Is SAP fit for purpose? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Using a systems based approach we show there are many opportunities for improving the effectiveness of BPEC tools.

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The Green Climate Fund and Lessons from other Global Funds’ Experience

This paper presents a brief summary of the proposed fund and its history through to May 2013.

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A panel model for predicting the diversity of internal temperatures from English dwellings

Using panel methods, a model for predicting daily mean internal temperature demand across a heterogeneous domestic building stock is developed.

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Adaptive Capacity of Transboundary Basins in the Mediterranean, the Middle East and the Sahel

To evaluate the adaptive capacity of transboundary river basins in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Sahel (i.e., the CLICO study region), we draw from research on international environmental cooperation to develop a framework of transboundary adaptive capacity. 

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Appraising Geoengineering

Appraisals of geoengineering are critically reviewed here for the first time using a systematic literature search and screen strategy.

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Credibility in climate change research: a reflexive view

This paper provides a structure for relating the credibility of researchers themselves to that of research outputs, analysing ‘researcher credibility’ with reference to three overlapping domains: personal, professional and public.

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Sustainable livelihoods and cultivation of Jatropha curcas for biodiesel in India: reflections on alternative agronomic models

This working paper discusses the sustainable livelihoods aspects of alternative Jatropha cultivation systems identified during fieldwork in three Indian states in 2009.

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Towards a culture of low-carbon research for the 21st Century

We argue that the research community needs a roadmap to reduce its emissions following government targets, which ironically are based on findings of the research community. 

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Understanding the dominance of unilateral CDMs in China

This paper analyzes the development of unilateral Clean Development Mechanism projects (uCDMs) as the dominant project pattern in China’s CDM market.

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Why do people decide to renovate their homes to improve energy efficiency?

A large body of applied research on energy efficiency characterises drivers and barriers to cost-effective home renovations, and identifies personal and contextual influences on renovation decisions.

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Assets for health: linking vulnerability, resilience and adaptation to climate change

A literature review focused on assets, human vulnerability, resilience and adaptation drawing on the disciplinary fields of health, sociology, disaster science and environmental science is presented in this paper.

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