Governing Clean Development in Least Developed Countries: do CDM rules promote renewable energy in Ethiopia?
|Title||Governing Clean Development in Least Developed Countries: do CDM rules promote renewable energy in Ethiopia?|
|Publication Type||Other Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Secondary Title||The Governance of Clean Development Working Paper Series No. 18|
|Keywords||CDM, Energy, Ethiopia, governance, Least Developed Countries|
Climate policy is becoming more important for the sustainable development of non-Annex I countries, for instance by supporting access to renewable energy. In order to better adapt the CDM and future climate policy instruments to the circumstances of low-income societies, it is important to understand how the CDM’s institutional dimensions impact governance processes in host countries. Hence, this paper presents a case study on how CDM rules for renewable energy generation impact climate and energy governance in Ethiopia. First, the paper develops a theoretical approach to analyze climate governance processes which is grounded in sociological institutionalism. Second, the paper applies these concepts to the CDM as a governance institution that is nested within the overarching regime, in order to develop a more nuanced understanding of CDM rules. CDM rules for renewable energy will be discussed with regard to their relevance for LDCs in a process-oriented perspective that accounts for ongoing CDM reforms. Third, these preparations guide the inductive analysis of the impact of these CDM rules on climate and energy governance in Ethiopia. This case study draws on a comprehensive analysis of academic and grey literature, content analysis of key documents, and a series of semi-structured expert interviews conducted in Ethiopia, Kenya and during several sessions of climate negotiations between 2009 and 2011
Energy, Development, Governance