Danger is all around: Eliciting expert perceptions for managing climate change through a mental models approach
|Title||Danger is all around: Eliciting expert perceptions for managing climate change through a mental models approach|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Lowe, T, Lorenzoni, I|
|Journal||Global Environmental Change|
|Keywords||Climate management, Danger, Energy, equity, impact, Mental models, sustainability, Thresholds|
It has long been acknowledged that understandings of risk are influenced by external or ‘objective’ assessments, and by internal or ‘subjective’ value judgements. In-depth research has been undertaken on how lay people perceive climate change and related risks, whereas work on expert opinions is more limited. This paper reports on 22 ‘expert’ interpretations elicited through a mental models approach, and encapsulated in a ‘meta’-influence diagram, denoting three conceptualisations of danger in relation to climate change: (i) human influence upon the climate system; (ii) impacts upon natural and human communities; and (iii) threat to the status quo, especially in the form of mitigation measures and related costs. These conceptualisations raise questions about how experts bring to bear their knowledge, values and understanding of climatic and social systems in articulating such discourses. This paper also discusses the implications of such diverse perspectives on managing climate change.