RACER

RACER: Rapid Acceleration of Car Emission Reductions

Funders: UK Energy Research Centre, Theme 1

This project is led by Tyndall Manchester, working with the Institute for Transport Studies at the University of Leeds.

Aims
The project has three main aims:

  • Establish a CO2 only carbon budget for the UK’s passenger car sector (PCS) that is in line with the UK’s commitments to the 2°C framing of the Paris Agreement
  • Define a set of scenarios and accompanying storylines in which cumulative CO2 emissions from the PCS stay within the newly defined budget through implementation of a range of interventions: car technology improvements, fuel decarbonisation, car technology mix, and changes in the sector’s political economy
  • Provide a set of policy and industry recommendations for packages of interventions that could achieve the RACER budget, including stakeholder roles and investment in technology and infrastructure

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Method
The research involves four work packages:

  • Carbon budgets and emission pathways (WP1): provide an energy-only carbon budget range for the UK associated with the Paris 2°C framing; develop a robust approach for disaggregating a national budget to a sector-level carbon budget range, and define a budget for the UK PCS; build a pathways model that calculates future emissions in the budget period based on a set of assumptions; develop a family of emission pathways that can meet the newly defined PCS budget; create simple storylines for each pathway.
  • Economic appraisal of scenarios (WP2): Scenarios will receive a provisional economic assessment considering broad issues such as profitability and employment impacts of changes; identify potential win/win opportunities in relation to other high-level social goals.
  • The political economy of PCS CO2 emissions (WP3): Historical analysis of the design, implementation and political economy of the EU’s fleet emissions standards; create new ‘stretched’ combinations of existing policy mechanisms that are adapted to meet competing political, market and civilian actions in each scenario; analyse the fiscal, regulatory and consumer/behavioural policies already targeted at supply side actors and private and company consumers.
  • Expanded scenario storylines (WP4): Define a set of expanded intervention strategies that meet the RACER budget by going beyond technology improvements and regulation; academic, policy and trade press literature review to identify the range of potential interventions; stakeholder reviews of scenario storylines; analyse possible secondary effects of rapid decarbonisation for policy makers and industry.

Further Information
Please see the Tyndall Manchester project page.

Funding
UK Energy Research Centre, Theme 1

Researchers

Manchester:

Dr Rachel Freeman, University of Manchester
Prof Kevin Anderson, University of Manchester
Dr Carly McLachlan, University of Manchester
Dr Paul Gilbert, University of Manchester
Prof Alice Larkin, University of Manchester

Leeds:

Prof Jillian Anable, University of Leeds
Dr Caroline Mullen, University of Leeds

Administrator
Lisa Bell, University of Manchester

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