Pathways after Paris
The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research has analysed for the UK’s Department of Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy some key research questions related to the implementation of the UN Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 and of the UK’s contribution. We have provided an assessment of some of the avoided global and regional impacts of achieving the Paris Goal, we have analysed new energy and CO2 pathways that limit climate change to 1.5oC and 2.0oC warming (the Paris Goal) and we have put these in the context of existing studies. We also examined some of the technical and societal innovations required to support such energy transformations.
Briefing note overview of "The implications of global warming of 1.5 and 2 degrees summary report"
Rachel Warren et al (2018) Risks associated with global warming of 1.5°C or 2°C. Tyndall Centre Briefing Note. May 2018. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia
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Infographic: Reduced climate impacts from the Paris Agreement
Infographic: Decarbonisation to meet the Paris Agreement
Infographic: Biomass Energy Carbon Capture and the Paris Agreement
Poster: Achieving the Paris Agreement long-term temperature goal
ScienceBrief is a novel online platform that makes sense of scientific publications. It is written by experts from around the world to helps scientists select new scientific evidence and incorporate it into existing scientific assessments. ScienceBrief is a transparent, continuous, and rapid system for deciding if, and to what extent, new publications alter current knowledge. ScienceBrief shows the status and strength of scientific consensus in critical areas such as climate change and biodiversity, and highlights controversies and research needs. ScienceBrief combines the power of IT and the beauty of Science in support of society.
ScienceBrief experts are being asked to assess three questions of existing and new peer-reviewed publications to inform the Paris Agreement. This emerging topic is analysed the scientific literature and its significance to these questions over the next 2 years.
1) What are the impacts of climate change of 1.5 compared to 2 degrees Celsius? The impacts of climate change will differ depending on the level and rate of warming. What differences are there for global warming of 2°C compared to 1.5°C? Can they be distinguished? What are the regional differences? What are the options for adaptation? What are the associated costs and implications for society and ecosystems?
2) What are the transformation pathways for limiting climate change to 1.5 compared to 2 degrees Celsius? Limiting climate change to 1.5°C compared to 2°C will require faster and deeper rates of global decarbonisation. What are the options, requirements and challenges by sector? What are the policies, actions and financial mechanisms for supporting transformation? What major technological developments are required and how feasible are they? What is the cost of the incremental effort of limiting warming to 2°C compared to 1.5°C? What are the co-benefits? What are the major uncertainties and how can they be reduced or mitigated?
3) What is the Global potential for removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere? Emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG) need to be brought down to near zero to tackle climate change. Removing greenhouse gas from the atmosphere could help deliver on zero emissions, provided they are of sufficient scale and they do not interfere significantly with other societal priority such as food production. What is the potential for various methods proposed to remove GHG from the atmosphere? What is their current technological, demonstration, and deployment status? What are the potential implications for other societal needs, in particular the Sustainable Development Goals?
Oliver, A., Le Quéré, C., Kjellstrom, T., Lemke, B., Haines, A. (2018) Populations exposed to extreme heat under climate change: implications for workability and survivability. Submitted to The Lancet
Brown, S., Nicholls, R., Goodwin, P., Haigh, I., Lincke, D., Vafeidis, A., Hinkel, J. (2018). Quantifying Land and People Exposed to Sea-Level Rise with No Mitigation and 1.5 and 2.0ºC Rise in Global Temperatures to Year 2300, Earth’s Future Feb 2018
Colón-González, FJ., Harris, I., Osborn, TJ., Steiner São Bernardo, C., Peres, CA., Hunter, PR., and Lake, IR. (2018). Health benefits of limiting global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels: dengue fever in Latin America. PNAS 2018 Jun 12;115(24):6243-6248
Le Quéré, C., Korsbakken J.I., Wilson C., Tosun J., Andrews R., Andres R.J., Canadell JP., Jordan A., Peters GP., Van Vuuren D (2018). Drivers of declining CO2 emissions in industrial countries. In Progress
Nicholls, RJ., Brown, S., Goodwin, P., Wahl, T., Lowe, J., Solan, M., Godbold, JA., Haigh, ID., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Wolff, C., Merkens, J-L. (2018) Stabilisation of global temperature at 1.5°C and 2.0°C: Implications for coastal areas. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 2018 May 13;376 (2119)
Peters G.P. and Andrew, R., (2018). Implications of global pathways for regional and UK emissions. Internal Project Deliverable Report (internally reviewed)
Sharmina, M., Le Quéré, C., Wilson, C., Edelenbosch,., , Freeman, R., Gernaat, D., Larkin, A., Littleton, EW., Traut, M., Van Vuuren, DP., Vaughan, N., Wood, R. (2018) The challenge of decarbonising four critical sectors to limit warming to 1.5°C. In Progress
van Vuuren, D., Hof A., Gernaat, D., Sytze de Boer., H (2018) Limiting global temperature change to 1.5 °C Implications for carbon budgets, emission pathways, and energy transitions. Briefing Note tyndall.ac.uk/news/carbon-budgets (internally reviewed)
Vaughan, N., Gough C., Mander S., Littleton EW., Welfle., A., Gernaat D., van Vuuren DP., (2018). Evaluating the use of Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage in low emission scenarios. Environmental Research Letters
Warren R., (2018) Quantifying implications of limiting global warming to 1.5 or 2°C above pre-industrial levels. Resubmitted, Nature Climate Change
Warren, R., J. Price, J. Vanderwal, E.Graham, N. Forstenhauesler (2018). How much difference does half a degree of global warming make to insects, vertebrates and plants? Science. 360 18 May
Wilson, C, Pettifor, H, Cassar, E, Kerr, L, Wilson, M (2018) Potential contribution of disruptive low-carbon innovations to 1.5ºC climate mitigation. Energy Efficiency May 2018
Download the full report summarising this work:
Robert T. Watson and Corinne Le Quéré (2018) The implications of global warming of 1.5 and 2 degrees Summary Report, Tyndall Centre Working Paper 164, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, University of East Anglia