Reports

A blueprint for the integrated assessment of climate change in cities

More than half of the global population live in cities, which are major concentrations of vulnerability to climate change. Cities are also major emitters of greenhouse gasses. Consequently they are key to mitigating global climate change and reducing the impacts of climate change on people and infrastructure. This role is being increasingly recognised through the policy and planning measures of individual cities and their collective action in the global climate debate.

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An Inventory of Adaptation to climate change in the UK: challenges and findings

Climate change science has been promoting adaptation measures for some years. The message has been that the climate is changing and people need to be prepared. However, while there has been an increasing investment in the ‘science of adaptation’, there has been less, if any, attention paid to the ‘practice of adaptation’, i.e. is adaptation occurring, and if so, how, where and why? There is now a clear demand from policy makers to answer these questions and specifically to answer them with relation to actions in the UK. 

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Is Economic Volatility Detrimental to Global Sustainability?

This paper examines the effects of economic volatility on global sustainability in a dynamic panel data model allowing for error cross section dependence. It finds that output volatility and financial market volatility exert strong negative impacts on sustainable development, with the impacts exacerbated in some subsamples such as higher en- ergy intensity countries and lower trade share countries.

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Impacts of Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise: A Preliminary Case Study of Mombasa, Kenya

Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya and the largest international seaport in East Africa with more than 650,000 inhabitants. The city has a history of natural disasters associated with extreme climatic events, most recently the severe rain-induced flooding in October 2006, which affected about 60,000 people in the city and caused damage to important infrastructure. As the city is expected to continue to experience rapid growth, the future impacts of such events can only increase.

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Exploring the Measurement of Sustainable Development in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)

This paper explores the consistency of a proposed method of measuring sustainable development in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), with particular reference to the Gold Standard, a premium CDM label. The research applies a sustainability matrix to 40 CDM and 40 Gold Standard projects to explore the relative influence of different drivers of sustainable development. The study finds that Gold Standard accreditation and project host country are the primary drivers of whether CDM projects have potential to promote a range of sustainable development benefits in this sample.

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The global-scale impacts of climate change: QUEST-GSI (project completed)

Climate change impacts studies to date typically consider particular regions and sectors and use a wide range of socio-economic and climate scenarios.

This makes it difficult to assess impacts at the global scale and to compare impacts for different socio-economic and climate futures. Furthermore it makes it difficult to assess the effectiveness of proposed policy measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so reduce the impacts of climate change.

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