Why do resource managers make links to stakeholders at other scales?

TitleWhy do resource managers make links to stakeholders at other scales?
Publication TypeTyndall Working Paper
SeriesTyndall Centre Working Papers
Secondary TitleTyndall Centre Working Paper 65
Keywordslinks, other scales, resource managers, stakeholders
AuthorsAdger, W. N., K. Brown, and E. Tompkins
Year of Publication2004

This paper investigates the structure of interplay in cross-scale linkages between stakeholders in resource management. Cross-scale interactions emerge because of the benefits of individual stakeholder groups in undertaking them. Hence there are uneven gains from cross-scale interactions. The political economy framework outlined in the paper suggests that inequality in power-weighted decision-making has consequences for winning and losing groups within cross-scale interactions. Cross-scale interactions by powerful stakeholders have the potential to undermine trust in resource management arrangements. If government regulators, for example, mobilise information and resources from cross-level interactions to reinforce their authority, this often disempowers other stakeholders such as resource users. Offsetting such impacts, some cross-scale interactions can be empowering for local level user groups in creating social and political capital. These issues are illustrated with observations on a fragile co-management system for resource management in a marine protected area in Tobago in the Caribbean. The case study illustrates that the structure of the cross-scale interplay in terms of relative winners and losers, determines its sustainability.

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