Implications of sea-level rise and extreme events around Europe: A review of coastal energy infrastructure

TitleImplications of sea-level rise and extreme events around Europe: A review of coastal energy infrastructure
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBrown, S., S. Hanson, and R. J. Nicholls
Journal TitleClimatic Change
Volume122
Start Page81
Issue1-2
Pagination81-95
KeywordsClimatic changes, Coastal infrastructure, Energy infrastructures, European Countries, extreme events, Limited information, Natural environments, Strategic plan
Abstract

Sea-level rise and extreme events have the potential to significantly impact coastal energy infrastructure through flooding and erosion. Disruptions to supply, transportation and storage of energy have global ramifications and potential contamination of the natural environment. On a European scale, there is limited information about energy facilities and their strategic plans for adapting to climate change. Using a Geographical Information System this paper assesses coastal energy infrastructure, comprising (1) oil/gas/LNG/tanker terminals and (2) nuclear power stations. It discusses planning and adaptation for sea-level rise and extreme events. Results indicate 158 major oil/gas/LNG/tanker terminals in the European coastal zone, with 40 % located on the North Sea coast. There are 71 operating nuclear reactors on the coast (37 % of the total of European coastal countries), with further locations planned in the Black, Mediterranean and Baltic Seas. The UK has three times more coastal energy facilities than any other country. Many north-west European countries who have a high reliance on coastal energy infrastructure have a high awareness of sea-level rise and plan for future change. With long design lives of energy facilities, anticipating short, medium and long-term environmental and climatic change is crucial in the design, future monitoring and maintenance of facilities. Adaptation of coastal infrastructure is of international importance, so will be an ongoing important issue throughout the 21st century. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

DOI10.1007/s10584-013-0996-9
Tyndall Consortium Institution

Southampton

Research Programme

Cities and Coasts