Hygroscopicity and optical properties of alkylaminium sulfates

TitleHygroscopicity and optical properties of alkylaminium sulfates
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsMellouki, A., X. Wang, Z. Hu, X. Yang, D. Hu, C. Li, H. Chen, J. Chen, X. Ye, and L. Li
Journal TitleJournal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Volume26
Start Page37
Issue1
Pagination37-43
KeywordsAlkylaminium sulfates, Hygroscopicity, Optical properties
Abstract

The hygroscopicity and optical properties of alkylaminium sulfates (AASs) were investigated using a hygroscopicity tandem differential mobility analyzer coupled to a cavity ring-down spectrometer and a nephelometer. AAS particles do not exhibit a deliquescence phenomenon and show a monotonic increase in diameter as the relative humidity (RH) ascends. Hygroscopic growth factors (GFs) for 40, 100 and 150 nm alkylaminium sulfate particles do not show an apparent Kelvin effect when RH is less than 45%, whereas GFs of the salt aerosols increase with initial particle size when RH is higher than 45%. Calculation using the Zdanovskii-Stokes-Robinson mixing rule suggests that hygroscopic growth of triethylaminium sulfate-ammonium sulfate mixtures is non-deliquescent, occurring at very low RH, implying that the displacement of ammonia by amine will significantly enhance the hygroscopicity of (NH4)2SO4 aerosols. In addition, light extinction of AAS particles is a combined effect of both scattering and absorption under dry conditions, but is dominated by scattering under wet conditions. © 2014 The Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

DOI10.1016/S1001-0742(13)60378-2
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